Domestic Violence Article

Determining Domestic Violence

People every day are affected by domestic violence. Some individuals do not recognize they are in an abusive relationship others are afraid to leave. For those who question: what is domestic violence? Am I a victim? How do I know? Or, what do I do?  This article will provide Arizona specific answers; so, you can know there is hope for all who are affected by domestic violence.

Determining Domestic Violence

The Department of Justice defines domestic violence as: “a pattern of abusive behavior in any relationship that is used by one partner to gain or maintain power and control over another intimate partner.  Domestic violence can be physical, sexual, emotional, economic, or psychological actions or threats of actions that influence another person. This includes any behaviors that intimidate, manipulate, humiliate, isolate, frighten, terrorize, coerce, threaten, blame, hurt, injure, or wound someone.” The United States Department of Justice, (last visited Sept. 28, 2016). This includes physical abuse, sexual abuse, emotional abuse, economic abuse, and psychological abuse.

Domestic violence does not discriminate. It can happen to anyone regardless of age, color, gender, sexual orientation, or religious beliefs. What people may not realize is that there is also an impact on youth. Teenage years are formative years and many young people may not realize they too can be involved in a domestic violence relationship.

According to teen violence is defined as – “one partner tries to maintain power and control over the other through physical, emotional, sexual or stalking abuse. Teen dating violence crosses all racial, economic, and social lines and most victims are young women.” Safe Teens AZ, (last visited Oct. 3, 2016). This site includes some early warning signs that may indicate your relationship or date is becoming abusive: extreme jealously, telling you how to dress or act, keeping you away from friends, controlling behavior, and more. These are only some of the factors listed on their website.

Arizona law has what is called “the relationship test”. Pursuant to A.R.S. §13-3601 a relationship is defined as:
1)    The relationship between the victim and the defendant is one of marriage or former marriage or of persons residing or having resided in the same household.
2)    The victim and the defendant have a child in common.
3)    The victim or the defendant is pregnant by the other party.
4)    The victim is related to the defendant or the defendant's spouse by blood or court order as a parent, grandparent, child, grandchild, brother or sister or by marriage as a parent-in-law, grandparent-in-law, stepparent, step-grandparent, stepchild, step-grandchild, brother-in-law or sister-in-law.
5)    The victim is a child who resides or has resided in the same household as the defendant and is related by blood to a former spouse of the defendant or to a person who resides or who has resided in the same household as the defendant.
6)    The relationship between the victim and the defendant is currently or was previously a romantic or sexual relationship. The following factors may be considered in determining whether the relationship between the victim and the defendant is currently or was previously a romantic or sexual relationship:
       a.    The type of relationship.
       b.    The length of the relationship.
       c.    The frequency of the interaction between the victim and the defendant.
       d.    If the relationship has terminated, the length of time since the termination.

In Arizona the law defines domestic violence under A.R.S §13-3601. This statute includes an enumerated list of domestic violence offense as described below:

Arizona Revised Statute (Law)    Crime

      13-705    Dangerous crimes against children
      13-1102    Negligent homicide
      13-1103    Manslaughter
      13-1104, 13-1105    1st and 2nd degree murder
      13-1201    Endangerment
      13-1202    Threats or intimidation
      13-1203    Assault
      13-1204    Aggravated assault
      13-1302    Custodial interference
      13-1303    Unlawful imprisonment
      13-1304    Kidnapping
      13-1406    Sexual assault
      13-1425    Unlawful disclosure of images depicting any nudity or specific sexual activities
      13-1504, 13-1503, 13-1502    Criminal trespass, 1st – 3rd degree
      13-1602    Criminal damage
      13-2810    Interfering with judicial proceedings
      13-2904(A)(1), (2), (3), (6)    Disorderly Conduct
      13-2910(A)(8)(9)    Cruelty to animals by neglect, mistreatment, or abandonment
      13-2915(A)(3)    Intentionally prevent or interfere with the use of a telephone by another person in an emergency situation.
      13-2916    Use of electronic communication to terrify, intimidate, threaten or harass
      13-2921    Harassment
      13-2921.01    Aggravated harassment
      13-2923    Stalking
      13-3019    Surreptitious (secret, unauthorized) photographing
      13-3601.02    Aggravated domestic violence (here, if a person commits a third or subsequent domestic violence offense, the person is guilty of domestic violence
      13-3623    Child or vulnerable adult abuse
If you are a victim of one of the above mentioned domestic violence offense know there is help.

Resources available

Below are a number of resources available to you.

The Arizona Coalition to End Sexual and Domestic Violence is dedicated to providing direct services to victims and survivors of domestic violence. Their information can be found at:

The Arizona Coalition for Domestic Violence has put together a list of shelters available to you throughout the state. Please click on the link to access their list.

If you are seeking to leave the state there are domestic violence shelters throughout the country where you can stay. Please click on the link below to direct you to a shelter in the state or city you wish to go.

The Arizona Supreme Court has provided additional information that include safety plans and orders of protection. This information can be found at:

Some victims are unsure of their rights. The Arizona Department of Public Safety along with the Arizona Attorney General’s Office has compiled a list stating what rights victims automatically have and what other rights victims can assert. This can be found at:

There is an additional site that is discrete and can be downloaded as an app on your phone. This provides fast information when needed most. The site is

The Maricopa Association of Governors has provided a free safety plan pamphlet. The pamphlet is free and can be printed so it can be carried at all times. The safety plan can be found at:



  • I would like to donate clothing for abused women but I am not aware the location to drop them off..
  • My daughteris being physically abused by her husband  He has done this before. The police came once to escort her out of the trailer. He left before they came. She is afraid of him as he has threatened to have her children taken away. I am not sure as to what to do as parents. He apologizes, then she keep accepts him back. We are worried about the children. We live in Alaska
  • Hello, my parents marriage is negatively is evolving drastically. A couple of days ago my stepdad pulled a gun on my mom in front of my younger brother. My younger brother explained this event to me and older sister. He also stated that he had to intervene between my parents. I am very worried for my mother, but I do not know where to start helping legally and fast.
  • So my daughters father and i where together when she was born naturally i gave her his last name. On Septemeber 29, 2015 he was arrested and charged with his 3rd domestic. There's a 2 year order of protection in place he gets visitation within that op. Due to all this id like to not change but at least hyphenate her last name can i do this?
  • I am roommates with someone he has assaulted me I am going to get a restraing order,what I would like to know who has to move out of the home we share?
  • In an order of protection, how many feet does it grant/rule for the abuser to stay away from me?
  • I am in need 5,000 to lay my daughter down to rest she was murdered in a domestic violence situation. Someone told me the county could help. Please help you.
  • I was recently in a relationship with a guy who was verbally and emotionally abusive. We were living together for about 3 months and he was always yelling at me and I was getting very scared. After he held me inside our apartment and refused to let me leave I finally got out and moved out. I tried to keep things civil. He moved to out of state but he says he will come back. He calls the house I am staying at several times a day.  He breaks into my emails and talks to my friends. He threatens me and he gets very angry at times and calls me and says he will do stuff to me and he will do stuff to my friends . I was wondering what I could do. I am very stressed out and scared and I feel like it is getting worse and I need a solution. I looked up about an order of protection but Im not sure where to go and how to do it. Id like to stop him from contacting me, my family, and my friends. I feel that he may be emotionally unstable and have issues that could turn to violence. He says he is coming back to Arizona and I just want to protect myself, my family, and my friends.
  • I need to no if I can be Evicted cause I wrote letter to the Manager letting her no she over charged me for Rent for the mouth of July. I was placed her threw a Domestic vilioce Shelter n everything was explained to the Manager when I was brought here. She was told that I get paid every 2 weeks and that I work at ----. So we explained to her ( Manager ) that I will not be able to pay the Rent on the First of the Mo. She agreed with that and said she will work with me on the Rent. Now the Housing program Paid the Rent up for 3 mos. Now she is Evicteing me for being late on this Mo.
  • im sorry i have no idea what category this would fall under since it can be under a few. idont know what else to do but my mom is is a horrible situation with my adult drug addict brother and she is always living each moment not knowing what he will be like each second. he has a violent history with my parents and he has a recond you can look up. michael hahn dob 7/25/88.. our dad just passed away and he is taking full advantage of our mom by staying there unwanted,using drugs,stealing things to get his drugs and being verbally,physically and emotionally abusive .what can be done?shes afraid


  • He told me that I could actually get all the money I needed by using my home as collateral. . .
  • I just helped my mother, age 89, deal with her Medicare HMO. . .
  • I just helped my mother, age 89, deal with her Medicare HMO. . .



  • Welcome to our Newly Redesigned Website! Let us know how we are doing! Please take a couple of minutes to fill out our survey.


  • Please select your county of residence below.



  • State Bar of Arizona
  • Maricopa County Bar
    Referral number 602-257-4434
  • Pima County Bar
    Referral number 520-623-4625
  • National Domestic Violence Hotline
  • Bankruptcy Court Self Help Center
  • Certified Legal Document Preparer Program