Divorce on the Navajo Nation - Grounds and Requirements
Divorce on the Navajo Nation: Grounds and requirements
What are the grounds for divorce on the Navajo Nation?
A. Underage. The person asking for a divorce (the “Petitioner”) was under age 18 when (s)he got married. This is not grounds if the Petitioner freely lived with the other person as husband and wife after reaching age 18.
B. Former marriage. If the husband or wife was already married to someone else (including common law marriage) when they married each other.
C. Adultery. Unlawful voluntary sexual intercourse of a married person with one of the opposite sex.
D. Abandonment/Expulsion. If either person willfully abandoned the other, or caused the Petitioner to leave against his/her wishes, for a period of six months before filing for divorce.
E. Alcohol/narcotics. When one of the spouses uses alcohol or drugs habitually to the mental anguish of the other.
F. Abuse. When one spouse inflicts “grievous bodily injury or grievous mental suffering” on the other.
G. Neglect. When the husband fails to support his family “according to his means, station in life, and ability.”
H. Inability to live together in agreement and harmony.
I. Pregnancy by another man. In the husband’s favor if the wife was pregnant by another man when she married her husband, and the husband was unaware of it. The divorce must be filed within a reasonable time after the husband learns of the (true nature of the) pregnancy.
J. One-year separation. Voluntary separation of the husband and wife for one year or more.
What are the requirements for filing for divorce?
“Personal jurisdiction.” For the Navajo courts to “reach” the parties, the spouses must have “minimum contacts” with the Navajo Nation—they’re enrolled members of the tribe, or are eligible for enrollment, they lived, worked, spent time on, or visited the Navajo Nation, or children were conceived on the reservation. “Personal jurisdiction” can be waived—regardless of who you are, if you come to the Navajo Court (or file a document with the court), you “submit yourself to the jurisdiction” of the Navajo Court.
90-Day Requirement. The petitioner must live on the Navajo reservation for at least 90 days before filing for divorce in the Navajo Nation Family Court.
“Subject Matter Jurisdiction.” The Navajo Nation has “original, exclusive” jurisdiction over domestic relations (including divorces) involving members of the Navajo Nation, or those eligible for enrollment with the Navajo Nation. This means that divorce cases involving Navajo spouses or Navajo children must be filed in the Navajo Nation Family Court. If neither spouse is Navajo (but they lived on the reservation), they can (but do not have to) file in the Navajo court. Filing in state court is generally more expensive, more paperwork, and can take more time than filing in Navajo court; child support guidelines and alimony awards in NM and AZ state courts are very similar to those in Navajo courts.
Filing Fee. The filing fee is $10, and it must be paid to the Family Court of the Navajo Nation when a divorce petition is filed with the Court. There may be additional money needed if the spouse’s whereabouts are unknown, and the Petitioner has to publish legal notice in the newspaper.
I am the Respondent. I received a "Notice of Resolution Management Conference." (b) says I must comply with all disclosure requirements. I found the Disclosure Statement, but I don't know if I file it with the court or bring it with me to the conference. In my Response paperwork, I thought I read that I do not file it. Thank you
I was granted a divorce from my husband in January of this year. He was to pay me a certain amount of cash by February and hasn't and was to place the house up for sale and didnt. The house has gone into foreclosure. All this was stated in the papers. Doesn't he have to pay?
My spouse filed for a divorce in Pima County, we both reside in Pinal County, what steps do I need to take get a change of venue to Pinal County?
I got married in another country in 2002. I have lived in Arizona about 5 years. Can I get a divorce here without my husband?
I was married a few days more than 6months now. We entered into a covenant marriage, and my husband has not been here since. He has lived in north carolina the entire marriage, he is a compulsive liar, he has stolen money from me, and has also verbally and emotionally abused me. Is there anyway to have the marriage annulled?
Can my exwife ask for any assets or property (ei. furniture, vehicle) after our divorce was final a year ago? She took guns, TVs, and jewelry before divorce was final and wanted nothing else.
I am a resident of AZ. My wife and I were married in AZ. My wife is a resident of Minnesota and has filed for divorce there. The laws of which state govern in the divorce settlement?
How can I make a legal separation a divorce, when I did not offer any response to the petitioners request? We worked the separation out together, so I didn't want to fight her!
My wife and I are living separate and have divided all of our assets and financials. Also we signed a contract to protect one another. Will this hold up in court if we decide to get divorced later?
How do i go about divorcing a native american if we married at the end of Feburary of this year.
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