questions & answers
Question: Who is responsible to repair leaking pipes inside the ceiling between two condo units? HOA or condo owner? My understanding of condo ownership is that each owner owns the air space inside the unit. Anything beyond is undivided interest owned by all the owners and the HOA.
Answer: Under Arizona law, “common elements” generally are the responsibility of unit owners’ associations while “units” generally are the responsibility of individual unit owners. If you have already re-read your contract as well as the various condominium documents, then you may wish to speak with an expert in order to determine precisely who is responsible for repairing the problem that you have described. A.R.S. 33-1212 – which defines “unit boundaries” – says the following: Except as provided by the declaration [which legally created the condominium]: 1. If walls, floors or ceilings are designated as boundaries of a unit, all lath, furring, wallboard, plasterboard, plaster, paneling, tiles, wallpaper, paint, finished flooring and any other materials constituting any part of the finished surfaces are a part of the unit, and all other portions of the walls, floors or ceilings are a part of the common elements. 2. If any chute, flue, duct, wire, conduit, bearing wall, bearing column or other fixture lies partially within and partially outside the designated boundaries of a unit, any portion serving only that unit is a limited common element allocated solely to that unit and any portion serving more than one unit or any portion of the common elements is a part of the common elements. 3. Subject to the provisions of paragraph 2, all spaces, interior partitions and other fixtures and improvements within the boundaries of a unit are a part of the unit. 4. Any shutters, awnings, window boxes, doorsteps, stoops, porches, balconies, entryways or patios, and all exterior doors and windows or other fixtures designed to serve a single unit, but located outside the unit's boundaries, are limited common elements allocated exclusively to that unit. A.R.S. 33-1218 – which describes “limited common elements” – says the following: A. Except for the limited common elements described in section 33-1212, paragraphs 2 and 4, other than porches, balconies, patios and entryways, the declaration shall specify to which unit or units each limited common element is allocated. The allocation shall not be altered without the consent of the unit owners whose units are affected. B. Except as the declaration otherwise provides, a limited common element may be reallocated by an amendment to the declaration. The amendment shall be executed by the unit owners between or among whose units the reallocation is made, shall state the manner in which the limited common elements are to be reallocated and, before recording the amendment, shall be submitted to the board of directors. Unless the board of directors determines within thirty days that the proposed amendment is unreasonable, which determination shall be in writing and specifically state the reasons for disapproval, the association shall execute its approval and record the amendment. C. A common element not previously allocated as a limited common element shall not be so allocated except pursuant to provisions in the declaration. The allocations shall be made by amendments to the declaration.
Who is responsible to repair leaking pipes inside the ceiling between two condo units? HOA or condo owner? My understanding of condo ownership is that each owner owns the air space inside the unit. Anything beyond is undivided interest owned by all the owners and the HOA.
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