The Landlord Tenant Relationship
Rights, Responsibilities, and Remedies
Arizona Landlord Tenant Law
The Arizona Residential Landlord and Tenant Act (ARLTA)is the law governing most private, residential, rental agreements. In other words, the ARLTA provides tenants and landlords with rights, obligations and remedies in the rental relationship. Copies of the ARLTA are available at the Secretary of State’s web site and Community Legal Services. If you are experiencing housing problems, contact a legal aid group in your area.
Protecting Your Rights
Keeping Receipts and Notices
The inability to prove the truth is the most common problem tenants face when issues arise in their relationships with landlords. In order to better protect your rights, keep copies of all payments and notices exchanged between your landlord and yourself. Additionally, require your landlord to put all agreements in a writing s/he signs and dates. If you anticipate a problem, try to get additional evidence, such as witnesses or photographs.
Landlords may evict tenants for a variety of reasons, however, all eviction notices must be in writing. The amount of time a tenant has to either vacate the premises or fix the problem, if possible, is dependent upon the type of eviction. For example, if it is discovered you have an unauthorized pet, the landlord could give you 10 days to either vacate the premises or get rid of the pet. If the problem involves such things as criminal activity or threatening other residents or apartment staff, the required notice to vacate is 24 hours and there is no opportunity to fix the problem. Once an eviction notice is given, there is a very short period of time, sometimes as little as 2 days, before a trial may be held. If you receive an eviction notice, you are encouraged to seek legal assistance as soon as possible.
Obligations of Your Landlord
Landlords may require tenants to pay a deposit when they begin renting. The security deposit cannot be more than one and a half times your monthly rent and must state in writing any deposits which are non-refundable.
Landlords must provide several things in exchange for rental payments. One of the most basic and important requirements is that your landlord provide you and your family with a healthy and safe living environment. Your living environment includes your apartment or home, and any common areas the landlord owns and holds open to residents.
Things Your Landlord Must Provide
The law specifically states:
- Your landlord must keep all appliances, which they supply, in working order.
- Your landlord must provide you with a way to dispose of garbage.
- Your landlord must make it possible for you to receive running water, including hot water.
- Your landlord must supply everything they promised in the lease. They can only shut off your utilities in a few very limited situations.
If you rent a home, your landlord and yourself can agree that you will perform the maintenance on the property. You must, however, be given some consideration, such as being paid or having your rent reduced.
Repairs Costing Less Than ½ Month’s Rent or $300
If a rental unit is in need of minor repair(s), and the damage(s) were not caused by the tenant, tenant’s family or guests, the landlord will probably be responsible for making the repair(s). The law requires you first give your landlord written notice of the problem, stating the landlord has 10 days to make the repair(s). If the landlord fails to make the repair(s) after 10 days and the cost of the repair(s) will be less than the greater of ½ month’s rent or $300, you must hire a licensed contractor and get a lien release and either forward the bill to your landlord or pay for the repair yourself and deduct it from your next rental payment. A copy of the bill and the lien release must be included with your rent.
Breach of Lease for Failure to Repair
Occasionally damages to a rental unit, which are not caused by the tenant, tenant’s family or guests, may be severe enough to allow the tenant to cancel their lease agreement on the basis that the landlord failed to fulfill their obligations. Before seeking this remedy, however, you must be able to prove an important obligation was not kept and give your landlord a written notice. For most violations, you must give your landlord a written notice stating they have 10 days to make the repair. If the problem threatens your health or safety, you only need to give the landlord 5 days to make the repair. If the landlord fixes the problem within the appropriate amount of time, the lease cannot be cancelled. If the landlord does not fix the problem within the appropriate time, you can choose to end the lease early and get your security deposit back. We strongly encourage you to seek legal advice before resorting to this remedy because of the legal repercussions for tenants who seek this remedy improperly.
Failure to Supply Promised Utilities
In some rental relationships the landlord has exclusive control over utilities, including water, gas, electricity and air conditioning. In such situations, the landlord cannot fail to supply the promised utility(s). If your landlord violates this promise, you must first request in writing that your landlord supply the services. If the landlord does not supply the service(s), you can either:
- Buy the service(s) yourself and deduct the cost from the rent;
- Sue the landlord for the amount by which your home or apartment is reduced in value because of the lack of service(s);
- Temporarily rent another place and not pay rent for the apartment that lacks service(s). In addition the tenant may then recover up to 25% of his daily rent if the substitute housing costs more than the daily rent he owed his landlord. Remember you must write to your landlord and tell them of the problem before you do any of these things, and it cannot be a problem caused by you, your family or a guest.
Obligations of the Tenant
Paying the Rent
If you plan to remain in possession, you must continue to pay rent even if your landlord is not living up to his or her end of the bargain. Not paying rent gives the appearance that you are trying to break the lease, and weakens any argument you may about improper actions by your landlord. It is hard to say you are not getting what you paid for if you did not pay.
Letting Your Landlord Enter Your House or Apartment
You must allow your landlord and his or her employees to enter your house or apartment if he or she notifies you in writing at least two days before they seek access. They cannot enter very early in the morning or at night. If there is an emergency, they don’t have to give you notice to enter. If your landlord violates these rules, you may sue and recover one month’s rent and either:
- Get a court order to prevent your landlord from unreasonably entering or
- Terminate your lease.
Information provided in this pamphlet is based on Arizona law as of May 2002.
I reside @ apts. my lease agreement states they are not liable for residents safety, security,ie fire, vandalism, defects in apt or the community and deny a trial by jury. is this lawful?
In our lease it states electricity provided. Does that mean we have to pay for it or is the landlord responsible for it?
I live in an apt complex & have new Property manager.Jst recvd a "Maintenance Repair Cost" at my door that whn I submit a workorder all fees of repair wl be added to rent. Can they do this?
Can the Landlord charge us for water even though it has been turned off for 2 days (December 1st and 2nd) due to a pipe bursting. We had no control over this and as a result they are still gonna charge us even though we have no running water in the apts for 2 days. What can we do?
I never signed a lease when I moved in to my current home in Scottsdale. I did, however, give a 'last months' rent as a deposit. How much notice is required by law prior to move out, and am I able to recover the balance if I gave a notice on the 10th of the month, had already paid that month's rent in full, and would like to receive the full 'last month's rent deposit back?.
Can't pay rent because of being laid off landlord shut hot water off I have a baby
Does a landlord have any liability for the theft of a vehicle from their property (apt parking lot) in a high crime area?
Does the landlord cover pest control
I slipped and fell down the stairs from my second story apartment. The stairs have "skid" strips but most of them are gone or are peeling up. Would I fill out the Request for repairs form or just notify them that I fell
How do I get the landlord to refund the balance of rent money paid to satisfy the remainder of the term of my lease, that the landlord then entered into another lease with new tenants? The security deposit was refunded in full but they tried to be deceptive about entering into a new lease during the remainder of my lease. And now try to say I am required to pay the utilities for the property for the 2 months after I vacated and turned over possession of the keys
Hi, my landlord's pool maintenance person put a lock on the pool pump for no apparent reason. We did not get a notice from the landlord about this action. We now have no control of the pool pump operation. As a tenant, I feel I have the right to full access of all properties on premise. Is this correct? is my landlord's action violate tenant's right? thank you.
Who does a landlord get reported to if they fail to issue security deposits within 14 days?
I am the owner of a rental property and am under contract with a tenant through 2/29/16. Circumstances have arisen which are going to require me to sell the home within the next few months. It appears as though there is no early termination agreement in the lease. Can I terminate with ample notice to the tenant?
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